Sikkim is now the first fully organic state of India. With a population of around six lakhs, the state also known as the Land of Flower, will now be known as ” Fully Organic State Sikkim “. Sikkim has implemented organic farming on around 75,000 hectares of agricultural land. As entirely organic, it can now boast of being a state where the tourists can savour fresh organic vegetables in the heart of Himalaya.
It was in 2003, when the Pawan Kumar Chamling-led government decided to make Sikkim an organic farming state through a declaration in the legislative assembly. Then the state government took aggressive steps to limit chemical fertilizers and pesticides in fields. Sustainable organic farming helped in building the soil health resulting in sustainable increased crop production.
Sikkim aims to supply high valued produce to India, as well as to the rest of the world. Having already drawn international praise and the attention of the government at the Centre, their mission is to become fully organic and establish them as an example for other Indian states to look at.
According to the standards, it takes three years for a piece of farmland to be certified organic; the certifying agency assesses the land once a year during the period. Organic agricultural methods are internationally regulated and legally enforced by many nations, based in large part on the standards set by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM). During the three years, the soil will cleanse itself of the chemicals and no particular treatment is required. After the first three years, the land to has be certified every year. In case of serious violations, the land is sanctioned and can be declared organic only after another three years.
Besides Sikkim, the states that are active in organic farming are Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan, which are the top three in India in terms of absolute area under organic farming.