16 hydropower projects aggregating to 5,576 MW are under various stages of construction now for the growth and development of the northeastern region, including Sikkim. Central government has taken many steps to tap the full potential of hydro electric projects in the northeast.
In Arunachal Pradesh, projects underway are the Subansiri Lower under the National Hydro Power Corporation, the Kameng and Pare projects under the North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (Neepco), and Gongri (in private sector).
In Mizoram, Neepco is constructing the Turial hydropower project. Tuirial dam is an earthfill and gravity dam on the Tuirial River. The first generator of the powerplant is expected to be operational in 2016, the second in 2017. In Meghalaya, the state government is constructing the New Umtru hydropower project. Umtru Hydroelectric project is likely to be commissioned in October-November this year. Once commissioned, the Umtru project would add 40 MW of power into the State’s kitty.
Ten Hydroelectric projects are under construction in Sikkim with the aid from private sector. Sikkim can look forward for developing and exploiting its huge Hydropower Potential which has been assessed to 8000 MW Peak with a firm base of 3000 MW. At present the total Installed Capacity of the state is 95.70 MW. Total hydropower potential in the state so far is 5352.7 MW and they are in different stages of implementation.
Central Government Cooperation
In addition to the policy measures, other measures have been taken by the Central Government too, for ensuring the timely completion of the projects presently under construction. An Advisory Group has been set up under the chairmanship of the Minister of Power to advise for expeditious completion of ongoing power generation projects and a special monitoring group (SMG) under the chairmanship of Secretary (Power) has been constituted to discuss and sort out various issues through video conferencing for J&K and North Eastern Region.
Based on the studies for re-assessment of hydroelectric potential of the country, completed by the Central Electricity Authority in 1987, identified hydropower potential in the country is 1,48,701 MW. This includes 62,604 MW of potential in the northeastern region, including Sikkim. At present, 10 projects with an installed capacity of 1,242 MW are in operation in the northeastern region.